1What is the window period for HIV testing?
No HIV test can detect HIV immediately after infection. If you think you’ve been exposed to HIV in the last 72 hours, talk to your health care provider about post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), right away. The time between when a person may have been exposed to HIV and when a test can tell for sure whether they have HIV is called the window period. The window period varies from person to person and depends on the type of test used to detect HIV. An antigen/antibody test performed by a laboratory on blood from a vein can usually detect HIV infection 18 to 45 days after an exposure. Antigen/ antibody tests done with blood from a finger prick can take longer to detect HIV (18 to 90 days after an exposure). When the goal is to tell for sure that a person does not have HIV, an antigen/antibody test performed by a laboratory on blood from a vein is preferred. Antibody tests can usually take 23 to 90 days to reliably detect HIV infection. Most rapid tests and home tests are antibody tests. In general, antibody tests that use blood from a vein can detect HIV sooner after infection than tests done with blood from a finger prick or with oral fluid. Ask your health care provider about the window period for the test you’re taking. If you’re using a home test, you can get that information from the materials included in the test’s package. If you get an HIV test after a potential HIV exposure and the result is negative, get tested again after the window period for the test you’re taking to be sure. If your health care provider uses an antigen/antibody test performed by a laboratory on blood from a vein you should get tested again 45 days after your most recent exposure. For other tests, you should test again at least 90 days after your most recent exposure to tell for sure if you have HIV.
2How does Hiv test kit work?
The Rapid HIV test is useful for routine testing and/or if you don’t want to wait several days for the results. The Rapid HIV test detects HIV antibodies in the blood. Most PEOPLE will develop enough HIV antibodies to be detected three to four weeks after infection. The Rapid HIV test gives you a result in a few minutes, eliminating the stress of waiting a week for results. The Rapid test uses a blood specimen taken by poking your finger with a lance and then drawing some of this blood into a fine plastic tube. The Rapid test is just as accurate as a Standard HIV test. If you test negative AND ARE STILL UNSURE - SEE your local healthcare professional If you are positive, then you will need a further blood test using a specimen that needs to be sent to a laboratory
3What is the best test for HIV?
Although there are many kits on the market - choosing a high quality rapid kit is utmost importance- Choose a kit that has has the backing of major certifications and manufacturers internationally CliniHealth HIV tests are complete kits that come with a swab lancet plaster and tube Results are in minutes
4How accurate are HIV tests ?
If followed correctly - highly reliable Follow all the instructions on the simple package insert HIV tests that have been approved by national authorities are very reliable. On rare occasions they will produce a positive result which is then found to be negative - known as a false positive test result. If you receive a positive result from your home test you should go to an HIV clinic as soon as possible for a confirmation test.
5How soon do I test for HIV?
How soon after exposure-. This usually requires 3 to 4 weeks before taking an antibody-based test- 4th generation HIV tests (antigen/antibody) will detect 95% of infections four weeks after exposure.
6How do home HIV tests work?
Rapid, in-home HIV tests have been promoted as a means to ensure privacy and autonomy for those who might otherwise avoid getting tested. They are easy to use, requiring only a simple saliva swab, and can return a result in as little as 20 minutes. It also helps if you want to test a prospective partner- However remember to never rely solely on a rapid test.if you suspect something speak to your local practioner. Home-test kits are simple to use and should include straightforward and easy-to-follow instructions. The whole procedure takes around 15 minutes to complete.
7What about false positives and negatives?
Thanks to the use of next-generation technologies, the accuracy of HIV testing has never been greater. Still, false positives and false negatives have been known to occur, albeit infrequently. Today, the false negative rate in the U.S. is only around 0.003 percent (or roughly three out of every 100,000 tests). False positive rates are even lower — between 0.0004 percent and 0.0007 percent — due in large part to the practice of confirming a positive result with a secondary test. If a false negative result does occur, it is often the result of premature testing during the so-called window period. This is the period of time following infection when the body has not yet produced enough protective proteins (called antibodies) to register an accurate result. If this happens, a person may believe that they haven’t been infected. While newer, combination HIV tests have been able to significantly reduce this window period, a person will still need to wait at least three to four weeks after being exposed to the virus to get a reliable result.