Disinfectants are chemical substances used to kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms on surfaces. There are different types of disinfectants, including:
These contain alcohol, such as ethanol or isopropyl alcohol, and are effective against a wide range of microorganisms.
Quaternary ammonium compounds (quats): These disinfectants are effective against bacteria, viruses, and fungi. They are commonly used in healthcare settings.
Chlorine-based disinfectants: Chlorine compounds, such as sodium hypochlorite (bleach), are effective against a broad spectrum of microorganisms. They are commonly used for disinfecting surfaces and water.
Hydrogen peroxide and peracetic acid are examples of peroxide-based disinfectants. They are effective against a wide range of microorganisms and are often used for high-level disinfection.
Phenolic disinfectants: Phenol-based disinfectants are effective against bacteria and some viruses. They are commonly used in healthcare settings.
It's important to follow the instructions provided by the manufacturer when using disinfectants, as different disinfectants may have specific usage guidelines and contact times for effective disinfection.